Based on the County of Los Angeles Department of Children and Family Services

(DCFS), there have been nearly 45,000 youth in out-of-home promote care positions in Los

Angeles County in December 1996. Roughly 1,000 from the youth under the proper care of

DCFS emancipate in the promote care system yearly. Further, based on DCFS,

45% from the youth emancipated every year tragically end up part of the destitute

population of Los Angeles. Consequently, changes to our policy whatsoever amounts of government have

lately been carried out to better satisfy the unique needs of youth being emancipated

from promote care. In your area, the County has started to deal with the epidemic of being homeless

among emancipating youth with independent living abilities training as well as further, with

more comprehensive emancipation planning and publish-emancipation support.

The City Development Commission from the County of Los Angeles (CDC) has

been instrumental in causing initial coordination among individuals organizations developing

transitional housing for emancipated promote youth in Los Angeles County. The CDC

asked for that Shelter Partnership, Corporation. facilitate a coordination effort among

developer/companies, that has brought to quarterly conferences of those companies in addition to

other specific efforts. This report resulted from the requirement for detailed and reliable data

concerning the services and housing open to emancipated promote youth. It examines the

context by which current services and housing are now being provided while offering some

guidance for more action in addressing the requirements of this population.

Emancipated promote youth have finally be a priority among public funding sources.

Throughout the 1996 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Encouraging

Housing Program (SHP), “destitute youth, including unaccompanied youth and

emancipated promote youth” were in your area established among the top four areas for project

selection. Furthermore, the Board of Administrators from the County of Los Angeles adopted

program recommendations to be used of funds in the City of Industry, that when on offer are :

expected for use to add mass to low-earnings housing for “special needs”

populations, including emancipated promote youth.

Private-public collaborations further stress the requirement for housing with this population.

The Destitute Promote Youth Program (HFYP), the biggest effort to build up postemancipation

housing options in Los Angeles County, was started by U . s . Buddies of

the Children (UFC), a non-profit agency, and DCFS, with the CDC and

other non-profit companies. UFC and DCFS remain formidable advocates with this

population. UFC, because the lead agency, was lately granted a significant multi-year grant

in the Weingart Foundation to implement a collaborative effort for everyone emancipated

promote youth. Dealing with DCFS along with other Los Angeles City and County Departments,

UFC suggested an extensive program that’s envisioned having a substantial effect on

the delivery of housing and services to emancipated promote youth. Additionally, several

other non-profit agencies happen to be developing similar kinds of housing and repair

programs developed solely with this population.


The 15 provider agencies who regularly attended Shelter Partnership, Corporation.’s quarterly

conferences were interviewed with this report. From the interviewed companies, nine had existing

housing and services that served emancipated promote youth, solely for your

population or individuals of the similar age groups, generally 18 and older. Three agencies

interviewed were developing housing and services with this population too. This number of

agencies was selected because during the time of surveying, they symbolized the world of

companies serving emancipated promote youth in Los Angeles County as recognized to Shelter

Partnership, Corporation. Other companies who have been dealing with promote youth still in care

were also incorporated within the survey to supply more information and the other

perspective on housing and repair needs.

Laptop computer centered on three regions of agency operation: 1) facets of the whole agency

(selection of services, size) 2) facets of the particular program being operated for everyone

emancipated promote youth (quantity of beds, age groups of clients, supply of recommendations) and

3) expert opinion in the companies. Other resources incorporated within this

report are various studies and surveys of emancipated promote youth and destitute and

runaway youth carried out in Los Angeles County. The total amount from the information is from

current literature recording the correlation between being homeless and promote care as

well as from studies analyzing the problems faced by promote youth.


Based on the data collected by Shelter Partnership, Corporation., 11 programs presently

operate 272 transitional housing beds in Los Angeles County for destitute youth, either

solely for emancipated promote youth or individuals who’re of the similar age groups. At

present, 76 (or 28%) from the existing beds can be found strictly to emancipated promote

youth. Of those 76 beds, 60 (or 79%) are situated in projects of UFC/DCFS.

You will find 275 beds in rise in Los Angeles County for everyone youth from the

emancipation age groups. Of those beds, 191 (or 69%) are specific strictly to emancipated

promote youth. One of the beds in development strictly for emancipated promote youth, 155

(or 81%) are now being produced by UFC/DCFS, either alone or together with a nonprofit

agency. It’s especially significant that although only 28% of existing beds are

specific for emancipated promote youth, 69% from the pool of beds in development for youth

of the identical age groups are now being specific particularly to emancipated promote youth.

For that reasons of information tabulation, only information in the 12 agencies which were or

could be dealing imminently with emancipated promote youth continues to be considered. This

includes data from nine existing companies and three programs in development. An overall total of

11 of 12 (92%) agencies get client recommendations for their programs from DCFS, with six (50%)

ranking it as being their first source. Nine of 12 (75%) agencies get recommendations from each social

service agencies and client self-recommendations. The Probation Department was rated like a

referral source by only five agencies (42%).

Normally, from the 11 agencies who could provide specifics of their funding

sources, roughly 68% originated from public sources and 32% originated from private


50 percent (6 of 12) of programs don’t charge clients costs, although three (25%)

collect a portion from the client’s earnings (10%, 30%, and 80%) and give it back towards the

youth upon exiting this program. One of the others, two (17%) charge 30% from the youth’s

earnings two (17%) have a set amount one (8%) includes a sliding scale and something (8%) collects

33% from the youth’s earnings when the resident works or a set amount is s/he’s on public

assistance, which may be reduced using the contribution of volunteer hrs.

Occupancy rates hovered near 90% for many existing programs (n=9) because of good

waiting list systems. Programs with greater rates of vacancy established that the applying

process for transitional housing is lengthy which frequently program participants leave

all of a sudden, developing a gap.

Among all programs (n=12), four programs (33%) permit maximum stays as much as 18

several weeks four programs (33%) permit maximum stays as much as 24 several weeks and something program

each (8%), permits as much as six several weeks, as much as 12 several weeks, over 24 several weeks, or doesn’t have


A big part (78%) of existing programs (n=9) accept clients at 18 years old or individuals

who’re legal grown ups. Of these programs, four (44%) serve clients to age 21 two

(22%) programs actually age 23 and something each (11%) serves to age range 22, 24, and 28.

Among existing programs (n=9), there is a predominance of programs around towards the

general youth population (5), women that are pregnant (5) and gay, lesbian and bisexual youth

(4), along with other sub-populations symbolized, too. Two existing programs serve

women only, and 2 serve single parents using more than one child. One existing

program serves youth with mental illness one program serves minority immigrant youth

and the other serves males only.

To look at the help provided by companies to clients, information only from existing

programs (n=9) was considered. Case management, individual counseling, group

counseling and housing positioning assistance can be found on-site by each one of the nine

existing interviewed programs. Follow-up services are supplied on-site by eight of nine

programs. Seven programs provide transportation assistance on-site, and clothing is

provided on-site at six programs.

All programs (9 of 9) offer assistance in acquiring an over-all Equivalency Diploma

(GED) or perhaps a high school diploma, with seven supplying the assistance on-site. All nine provide

assistance using for greater education, too, with two programs by referral only.

Eight companies offer assistance having to pay for books and supplies, and seven offer assistance

having to pay for tuition for greater education.

All companies (9 of 9) offer meeting abilities training on-site. Job search there’s help

also provided by each one of the companies, though one only by referral. Every agency

provides on-site money budgeting abilities in addition to information about how to spread out a bank


All programs (9 of 9) offer assistance with-site concerning how to get healthcare and just how to

access an alcohol or medications program. Assistance being able to access counseling services

and community mental health programs will also be supplied by every program.

To be able to rank the encouraging services seen since many important by local companies, the

reactions of 14 interviewees were considered, as you agency was not able to assign

priority one of the services. From a listing well over 35 services, the companies rated the

following six as the most crucial services for emancipated promote youth: case

management how you can budget money individual counseling housing positioning job

search assistance and just how to gain access to healthcare. Case management was rated probably the most

important service by 50 percent from the agencies.


1. There’s a necessity throughout Los Angeles County for further private and public

assets for capital and operating costs targeted toward serving the housing needs of

the emancipated promote youth population. These assets ought to be urged to

complement projects presently in development with this population.

2. Transitional housing programs serving emancipated promote youth have to offer

comprehensive services to make sure that the youth effectively transition to independence.

3. Additional housing for emancipated single parents with several children should

be developed.

4. Better case management and upkeep of services combined with plenty of and

separate housing, where necessary, ought to be urged for emancipated promote youth

with mental illness.

5. Even though it is more suitable that youth being emancipated in the promote care system

have the choice to stay locally by which they’ve been placed and grown

familiar with, it’s also vital that you consider the requirements of youth and whether

these needs are now being met. The place of housing for emancipated promote youth must

consider the closeness of services that can easily be bought.

6. Additional housing and services are essential for youth who emancipate with the

Probation Department. Further research around the specific needs of the population should

be urged because it is likely that there’s a sizable unmet interest in publish-emancipated

housing and services of these youth.

7. The introduction of both congregate living facilities and scattered site flats as

housing choices for emancipated promote youth ought to be urged.

8. Housing for emancipated promote youth ought to be further analyzed weight loss programs

come online for everyone this population. The data found in this report ought to be

up-to-date because the housing system for emancipated promote youth changes.

9. More overall evaluation and follow-up measurement ought to be carried out to

figure out how effective transitional living programs have been in meeting the requirements of

emancipating and emancipated promote youth and shifting these phones independence. As

more programs come online for everyone youth while still in care, the result on postemancipated

youth and also the programs made to serve them should be examined.

Leave a Reply